Steve Jobs

Walter Isaacson

Part 32

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Nocera, Joe. Good Guys and Bad Guys. Portfolio, 2008.

Paik, Karen. To Infinity and Beyond! Chronicle Books, 2007.

Price, David. The Pixar Touch. Knopf, 2008.

Rose, Frank. West of Eden. Viking, 1989.

Sculley, John. Odyssey. Harper & Row, 1987.

Sheff, David. "Playboy Interview: Steve Jobs." Playboy, February 1985.

Simpson, Mona. Anyw here but Here. Knopf, 1986.

---. A Regular Guy. Knopf, 1996.

Smith, Douglas, and Robert Alexander. Fumbling the Future. Morrow, 1988.

Stross, Randall. Steve Jobs and the NeXT Big Thing. Atheneum, 1993.

"Triumph of the Nerds," PBS Television, hosted by Robert X. Cringely, June 1996.

Wozniak, Steve, with Gina Smith. iWoz. Norton, 2006.

Young, Jeffrey. Steve Jobs. Scott, Foresman, 1988.

---, and William Simon. iCon. John Wiley, 2005.


CHAPTER 1: CHILDHOOD The Adoption: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell, Mona Simpson, Del Yocam, Greg Calhoun, Chrisann Brennan, Andy Hertzfeld.

Moritz, 4445; Young, 1617; Jobs, Smithsonian oral history; Jobs, Stanford commencement address; Andy Behrendt, "Apple Computer Mogul's Roots Tied to Green Bay," (Green Bay) Press Gazette, Dec. 4, 2005; Georgina d.i.c.kinson, "Dad Waits for Jobs to iPhone," New York Post and The Sun (London), Aug. 27, 2011; Mohannad Al-Haj Ali, "Steve Jobs Has Roots in Syria," Al Hayat, Jan. 16, 2011; Ulf Froitzheim, "Portrat Steve Jobs," Unternehmen, Nov. 26, 2007.

Silicon Valley: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell. Jobs, Smithsonian oral history; Moritz, 46; Berlin, 155177; Malone, 2122.

School: Interview with Steve Jobs. Jobs, Smithsonian oral history; Sculley, 166; Malone, 11, 28, 72; Young, 25, 3435; Young and Simon, 18; Moritz, 48, 7374. Jobs's address was originally 11161 Crist Drive, before the subdivsion was incorporated into the town from the county. Some sources mention that Jobs worked at both Haltek and another store with a similar name, Halted. When asked, Jobs says he can remember working only at Haltek.

CHAPTER 2: ODD COUPLE Woz: Interviews with Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs. Wozniak, 1216, 22, 5061, 8691; Levy, Hackers, 245; Moritz, 6264; Young, 28; Jobs, Macworld address, Jan. 17, 2007.

The Blue Box: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak. Ron Rosenbaum, "Secrets of the Little Blue Box," Esquire, Oct. 1971. Wozniak answer,; Wozniak, 98115. For slightly varying accounts, see Markoff, 272; Moritz, 7886; Young, 4245; Malone, 3035.

CHAPTER 3: THE DROPOUT Chrisann Brennan: Interviews with Chrisann Brennan, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Tim Brown. Moritz, 7577; Young, 41; Malone, 39.

Reed College: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Daniel Kottke, Elizabeth Holmes. Freiberger and Swaine, 208; Moritz, 94100; Young, 55; "The Updated Book of Jobs," Time, Jan. 3, 1983.

Robert Friedland: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Daniel Kottke, Elizabeth Holmes. In September 2010 I met with Friedland in New York City to discuss his background and relationship with Jobs, but he did not want to be quoted on the record. McNish, 1117; Jennifer Wells, "Canada's Next Billionaire," Maclean's, June 3, 1996; Richard Read, "Financier's Saga of Risk," Mines and Communities magazine, Oct. 16, 2005; Jennifer Hunter, "But What Would His Guru Say?" (Toronto) Globe and Mail, Mar. 18, 1988; Moritz, 96, 109; Young, 56.

... Drop Out: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak; Jobs, Stanford commencement address; Moritz, 97.

CHAPTER 4: ATARI AND INDIA Atari: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Al Alcorn, Nolan Bushnell, Ron Wayne. Moritz, 103104.

India: Interviews with Daniel Kottke, Steve Jobs, Al Alcorn, Larry Brilliant.

The Search: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Daniel Kottke, Elizabeth Holmes, Greg Calhoun. Young, 72; Young and Simon, 3132; Moritz, 107.

Breakout: Interviews with Nolan Bushnell, Al Alcorn, Steve Wozniak, Ron Wayne, Andy Hertzfeld. Wozniak, 144149; Young, 88; Linzmayer, 4.

CHAPTER 5: THE APPLE I Machines of Loving Grace: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Bono, Stewart Brand. Markoff, xii; Stewart Brand, "We Owe I t All to the Hippies," Time, Mar. 1, 1995; Jobs, Stanford commencement address; Fred Turner, From Counterculture to Cyberculture (Chicago, 2006).

The Homebrew Computer Club: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak. Wozniak, 152172; Freiberger and Swaine, 99; Linzmayer, 5; Moritz, 144; Steve Wozniak, "Homebrew and How Apple Came to Be,"; Bill Gates, "Open Letter to Hobbyists," Feb. 3, 1976.

Apple Is Born: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, Ron Wayne. Steve Jobs, address to the Aspen Design Conference, June 15, 1983, tape in Aspen Inst.i.tute archives; Apple Computer Partnership Agreement, County of Santa Clara, Apr. 1, 1976, and Amendment to Agreement, Apr. 12, 1976; Bruce Newman, "Apple's Lost Founder," San Jose Mercury New s, June 2, 2010; Wozniak, 86, 176177; Moritz, 149 151; Freiberger and Swaine, 212213; Ashlee Vance, "A Haven for Spare Parts Lives on in Silicon Valley," New York Times, Feb. 4, 2009; Paul Terrell interview, Aug. 1, 2008,

Garage Band: Interviews with Steve Wozniak, Elizabeth Holmes, Daniel Kottke, Steve Jobs. Wozniak, 179189; Moritz, 152163; Young, 95 111; R. S. Jones, "Comparing Apples and Oranges," Interface, July 1976.

CHAPTER 6: THE APPLE II An Integrated Package: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Al Alcorn, Ron Wayne. Wozniak, 165, 190195; Young, 126; Moritz, 169 170, 194197; Malone, v, 103.

Mike Markkula: Interviews with Regis McKenna, Don Valentine, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, Arthur Rock. Nolan Bushnell, keynote address at the ScrewAttack Gaming Convention, Dallas, July 5, 2009; Steve Jobs, talk at the International Design Conference at Aspen, June 15, 1983; Mike Markkula, "The Apple Marketing Philosophy" (courtesy of Mike Markkula), Dec. 1979; Wozniak, 196199. See also Moritz, 182183; Malone, 110111.

Regis McKenna: Interviews with Regis McKenna, John Doerr, Steve Jobs. Ivan Raszl, "Interview with Rob Janoff,", Aug. 3, 2009.

The First Launch Event: Interviews with Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs. Wozniak, 201206; Moritz, 199201; Young, 139.

Mike Scott: Interviews with Mike Scott, Mike Markkula, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Arthur Rock. Young, 135; Freiberger and Swaine, 219, 222;Moritz, 213; Elliot, 4.

CHAPTER 7: CHRISANN AND LISA Interviews with Chrisann Brennan, Steve Jobs, Elizabeth Holmes, Greg Calhoun, Daniel Kottke, Arthur Rock. Moritz, 285; "The Updated Book of Jobs," Time, Jan. 3, 1983; "Striking I t Rich," Time, Feb. 15, 1982.

CHAPTER 8: XEROX AND LISA A New Baby: Interviews with Andrea Cunningham, Andy Hertzfeld, Steve Jobs, Bill Atkinson. Wozniak, 226; Levy, Insanely Great, 124; Young, 168170; Bill Atkinson, oral history, Computer History Museum, Mountain View, CA; Jef Raskin, "Holes in the Histories," Interactions, July 1994; Jef Raskin, "Hubris of a Heavyweight," IEEE Spectrum, July 1994; Jef Raskin, oral history, April 13, 2000, Stanford Library Department of Special Collections; Linzmayer, 74, 8589.

Xerox PARC: Interviews with Steve Jobs, John Seeley Brown, Adele Goldberg, Larry T esler, Bill Atkinson. Freiberger and Swaine, 239; Levy, Insanely Great, 6680; Hiltzik, 330341; Linzmayer, 7475; Young, 170172; Rose, 4547; Triumph of the Nerds, PBS, part 3.

"Great Artists Steal" : Interviews with Steve Jobs, Larry T esler, Bill Atkinson. Levy, Insanely Great, 77, 8790; Triumph of the Nerds, PBS, part 3; Bruce Horn, "Where I t All Began" (1966),; Hiltzik, 343, 367370; Malcolm Gladwell, "Creation Myth," New Yorker, May 16, 2011; Young, 178182.

CHAPTER 9: GOING PUBLIC Options: Interviews with Daniel Kottke, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Andy Hertzfeld, Mike Markkula, Bill Hambrecht. "Sale of Apple Stock Barred," Boston Globe, Dec. 11, 1980.

Baby You' re a Rich Man: Interviews with Larry Brilliant, Steve Jobs. Steve Ditlea, "An Apple on Every Desk," Inc., Oct. 1, 1981; "Striking I t Rich,"

Time, Feb. 15, 1982; "The Seeds of Success," Time, Feb. 15, 1982; Moritz, 292295; Sheff.

CHAPTER 10: THE MAC IS BORN Jef Raskin's Baby: Interviews with Bill Atkinson, Steve Jobs, Andy Hertzfeld, Mike Markkula. Jef Raskin, "Recollections of the Macintosh Project,"

"Holes in the Histories," "The Genesis and History of the Macintosh Project," "Reply to Jobs, and Personal Motivation," "Design Considerations for an Anthropophilic Computer," and "Computers by the Millions," Raskin papers, Stanford University Library; Jef Raskin, "A Conversation," Ubiquity, June 23, 2003; Levy, Insanely Great, 107121; Hertzfeld, 19; "Macintosh's Other Designers," Byte, Aug. 1984; Young, 202, 208214; "Apple Launches a Mac Attack," Time, Jan. 30, 1984; Malone, 255258.

Texaco Tow ers: Interviews with Andrea Cunningham, Bruce Horn, Andy Hertzfeld, Mike Scott, Mike Markkula. Hertzfeld, 1920, 2627; Wozniak, 241242.

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CHAPTER 11: THE REALITY DISTORTION FIELD Interviews with Bill Atkinson, Steve Wozniak, Debi Coleman, Andy Hertzfeld, Bruce Horn, Joanna Hoffman, Al Eisenstat, Ann Bowers, Steve Jobs. Some of these tales have variations. See Hertzfeld, 24, 68, 161.

8, 1985; Agreement between Apple Computer Inc. and Steven P. Jobs, and Request for Dismissal of Lawsuit without Prejudice, filed in the Superior Court of California, Santa Clara County, Jan. 17, 1986; Deutschman, 47, 43; Stross, 76, 118120, 245; Kunkel, 5863; "Can He Do I t Again?" Business Week, Oct. 24, 1988; Joe Nocera, "The Second Coming of Steve Jobs," Esquire, Dec. 1986, reprinted in Good Guys and Bad Guys (Portfolio, 2008), 49; Brenton Schlender, "How Steve Jobs Linked Up with IBM," Fortune, Oct. 9, 1989.

The Computer: Interviews with Mitch Kapor, Michael Hawley, Steve Jobs. Peter Denning and Karen Frenkle, "A Conversation with Steve Jobs,"

Communications of the a.s.sociation for Computer Machinery, Apr. 1, 1989; John Eckhouse, "Steve Jobs Shows Off Ultra-Robotic a.s.sembly Line," San Francisco Chronicle, June 13, 1989; Stross, 122125; Deutschman, 6063; Young, 425; Katie Hafner, "Can He Do I t Again?"

Business Week, Oct. 24, 1988; The Entrepreneurs, PBS, Nov. 5, 1986, directed by John Nathan.

Perot to the Rescue: Stross, 102112; "Perot and Jobs," New sw eek, Feb. 9, 1987; Andrew Pollack, "Can Steve Jobs Do I t Again?" New York Times, Nov. 8, 1987; Katie Hafner, "Can He Do I t Again?" Business Week, Oct. 24, 1988; Pat Steger, "A Gem of an Evening with King Juan Carlos," San Francisco Chronicle, Oct. 5, 1987; David Remnick, "How a Texas Playboy Became a Billionaire," Washington Post, May 20, 1987.

Gates and NeXT: Interviews with Bill Gates, Adele Goldberg, Steve Jobs. Brit Hume, "Steve Jobs Pulls Ahead," Washington Post, Oct. 31, 1988; Brent Schlender, "How Steve Jobs Linked Up with IBM," Fortune, Oct. 9, 1989; Stross, 14; Linzmayer, 209; "William Gates T alks,"

Washington Post, Dec. 30, 1990; Katie Hafner, "Can He Do I t Again?" Business Week, Oct. 24, 1988; John Thompson, "Gates, Jobs Swap Barbs," Computer System New s, Nov. 27, 1989.

IBM: Brent Schlender, "How Steve Jobs Linked Up with IBM," Fortune, Oct. 9, 1989; Phil Patton, "Out for Revenge," New York Times, Aug. 6, 1989; Stross, 140142; Deutschman, 133.

The Launch, October 1988: Stross, 166186; Wes Smith, "Jobs Has Returned," Chicago Tribune, Nov. 13, 1988; Andrew Pollack, "NeXT Produces a Gala," New York Times, Oct. 10, 1988; Brenton Schlender, "Next Project," Wall Street Journal, Oct. 13, 1988; Katie Hafner, "Can He Do I t Again?" Business Week, Oct. 24, 1988; Deutschman, 128; "Steve Jobs Comes Back," New sw eek, Oct. 24, 1988; "The NeXT Generation,"

San Jose Mercury New s, Oct. 10, 1988.

CHAPTER 19: PIXARLucasfilm's Computer Division: Interviews with Ed Catmull, Alvy Ray Smith, Steve Jobs, Pam Kerwin, Michael Eisner. Price, 7174, 89101; Paik, 5357, 226; Young and Simon, 169; Deutschman, 115.

Animation: Interviews with John La.s.seter, Steve Jobs. Paik, 2844; Price, 4556.

Tin Toy: Interviews with Pam Kerwin, Alvy Ray Smith, John La.s.seter, Ed Catmull, Steve Jobs, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Michael Eisner, Andy Grove.

Steve Jobs email to Albert Yu, Sept. 23, 1995; Albert Yu to Steve Jobs, Sept. 25, 1995; Steve Jobs to Andy Grove, Sept. 25, 1995; Andy Grove to Steve Jobs, Sept. 26, 1995; Steve Jobs to Andy Grove, Oct. 1, 1995; Price, 104114; Young and Simon, 166.

CHAPTER 20: A REGULAR GUY Joan Baez: Interviews with Joan Baez, Steve Jobs, Joanna Hoffman, Debi Coleman, Andy Hertzfeld. Joan Baez, And a Voice to Sing With (Summit, 1989), 144, 380.

Finding Joanne and Mona: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Mona Simpson.

The Lost Father: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell, Mona Simpson, Ken Auletta, Nick Pileggi.

Lisa: Interviews with Chrisann Brennan, Avie T evanian, Joanna Hoffman, Andy Hertzfeld. Lisa Brennan-Jobs, "Confessions of a Lapsed Vegetarian," Southw est Review , 2008; Young, 224; Deutschman, 76.

The Romantic: Interviews with Jennifer Egan, Tina Redse, Steve Jobs, Andy Hertzfeld, Joanna Hoffman. Deutschman, 73, 138. Mona Simpson's A Regular Guy is a novel loosely based on the relationship between Jobs, Lisa and Chrisann Brennan, and Tina Redse, who is the basis for the character named Olivia.

CHAPTER 21: FAMILY MAN Laurene Pow ell: Interviews with Laurene Powell, Steve Jobs, Kathryn Smith, Avie Tevanian, Andy Hertzfeld, Marjorie Powell Barden.

The Wedding, March 18, 1991: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell, Andy Hertzfeld, Joanna Hoffman, Avie T evanian, Mona Simpson.

Simpson, A Regular Guy, 357.

A Family Home: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell, Andy Hertzfeld. David Weinstein, "T aking Whimsy Seriously," San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 13, 2003; Gary Wolfe, "Steve Jobs," Wired, Feb. 1996; "Former Apple Designer Charged with Hara.s.sing Steve Jobs," AP, June 8, 1993.

Lisa Moves In: Interviews with Steve Jobs, Laurene Powell, Mona Simpson, Andy Hertzfeld. Lisa Brennan-Jobs, "Driving Jane," Harvard Advocate, Spring 1999; Simpson, A Regular Guy, 251; email from Chrisann Brennan, Jan. 19, 2011; Bill Workman, "Palo Alto High School's Student Scoop," San Francisco Chronicle, Mar. 16, 1996; Lisa Brennan-Jobs, "Waterloo," Ma.s.sachusetts Review , Spring 2006; Deutschman, 258; Chrisann Brennan website,; Steve Lohr, "Creating Jobs," New York Times, Jan. 12, 1997.

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